The first years of a child’s life are essential for the acquisition of skills and competencies that allow them to develop postural control, autonomy, language and social interaction. This evolution is inextricably linked to the maturation process of the nervous system, but an enriched environment that takes into account the characteristics and needs of the child is essential to enhance this development.
In fact, during those early years the child’s brain has enormous plasticity. This means that it is more vulnerable to adverse conditions and that these can cause alterations more easily, but also that it responds very well to stimulation by rapidly developing new neural pathways that support development. For this reason, the evolution of children who suffer from alterations in their development will largely depend on the moment in which the problem is detected and an Early Intervention plan is applied.
What exactly is early intervention?
Early Intervention are all interventions focused on children up to 6 years of age, their family and the environment with the aim of compensating as soon as possible for the special needs that may arise from developmental disorders. These interventions are focused both on children with diagnosed developmental problems and on those who, due to their characteristics, are considered a risk group, so that they are not only corrective but also preventive.
How is early intervention applied?
Early Care is run by a multidisciplinary team made up of psychologists, pedagogues, doctors, speech therapists, physiotherapists, social workers, teachers and physiotherapists. Initially, the team assesses the child and contacts the family to better understand their individual needs.
These professionals have different backgrounds, but they must also have a common specialized training in early childhood with special educational needs. In other words, they must have been trained with early childhood education courses or obtain more specialized training such as that offered by the Euroinnova Master in Early Care .
These types of programs provide professionals with the theoretical and practical tools they need to address the special needs of the child and their family. They allow them to delve into the different developmental disorders and master diagnostic and evaluation techniques. They are also prepared to plan and carry out interventions in the different areas of Early Intervention action.
In fact, after developing the personalized intervention program, it is implemented through stimulation sessions that are usually conducted by a single professional, although depending on the needs of the child and their family, several professionals who work together in different areas.
In all this process, the family plays an essential role. Parents are not only an invaluable source of information for professionals as they can explain the child’s tastes and personality, as well as help them communicate with them, but they can also implement some early stimulation exercises at home to further promote development. childish. In fact, a Belgian study concluded that the effectiveness of early intervention programs is higher when parents are involved in activities.